Browse Used Toyota Dyna Truck by Engine Code

Toyota Dyna Introduction

Steering away from the glitz and glamour, the Toyota Dyna is a robust, straightforward truck known for its compact dimensions and large cargo space. Available in short, medium and long wheelbase versions, this highly functional model is the perfect ride even for narrow, congested roads.

The Toyota Dyna was designed as a forward-control truck where passengers are required to sit in front. The internal and external features of the vehicle allow for a load area almost equivalent to the overall length of the truck. Depending on the type of truck, its length can range from 4,280 mm onwards. Hence, it’s critical for prospective buyers to fully reflect on their present and future cargo-loading needs so they can find the truck that can offer them lasting services.

As the largest, Japan-based company, grants local and international buyers access to used Toyota Dyna models. If you can’t find the version you need, you can speed up your search by using our highly-efficient auction tool.

Engine and Model Codes

There are many DYNA/TOYOACE truck models, but you can easily identify the specs of each model by looking at the model number. To understand how to do so, let us look at spec details for each generation. * This may not apply to every single model.

The 5th generation : U60/90 (1984-1995)
The model number is BU60-MDFT, 8 or 9 digits.
The first two letters BU means it’s a diesel engine. YU is for gasoline or LPG.
The 3rd number 6 means a standard cab short body, regardless of the engine type.
8 means a 3t standard-cab with a long body, or a wide-cab with a long body.
9 means a 3.5t wide-cab long body, or a very long body model.
The 4th number This changes depending on the engine installed.
The first number after the hyphen It stands for the type of mission.
M means MT, P means AT.
The next number D for DYNA
Another letter Type of floor Last letter T means double-tire
The 6th generation : U100/200 (1995-1999)
The model number appears in 10 ~ 12 digit codes like BU100-TQMMS.
The first 2 or 3 letters BU stands for diesel engine, RZU for gasoline or LPG
The first number 1 stands for standard-cab and 2 for wide-cab, regardless of the engine type. The second number signifies the body type or the terrain type.
The second number It signifies the body type or the terrain type.
The third number It signifies the type of engine.
The first letter after the hyphen T stands for single-cab, p for double-cab.
Next letter Shows floor type
The middle letter Signifies mission, M for MT, P for AT.
The 4th letter after the hyphen Signifies cargo load.
Last letter S for diesel NA, K for gasoline, C for LPG, and X for diesel turbo
The 7th generation : U300/400/500 (1999-2011)
The model number appears in 11 ~ 12 digit codes like XZU304-TQMMS.
The first 3 letters XZU stands for diesel engine, RZU for gasoline, and BZU for LPG engine.
The first number 3 and 5 means standard cab, 4 means a wide-cab
The second number It signifies body length.
The third number Signifies engine type and front suspension type. 6 and 8 stands for double wishbone type.
The last letter after the hyphen T stands for single-cab, P for double-cab.
Next letter Shows floor type
The middle letter Shows transmission type. M for MT, P for AT
The 4th letter after the hyphen Shows cargo load.
Last letter S stands for diesel NA, K for gasoline, C for LPG, and W for diesel turbo.

Engine Model Code

There are many engine types for DYNA/TOYOACE trucks. Here is a summary of which models have which engines.

Engine Model / Code
Engine Model Model Code
B BU60, BU70V, BU70VH, BU83, BU60VH
3B BU100, BU100A, BU105, BU120V, BU140, BU145
4B BU301, BU306, BU306V, BU346
11B BU61, BU84
13B BU82, BU85
13B-T BU85, BU90, BU95
14B BU66, BU66D, BU66H, BU67D, BU72, BU72D, BU72DH, BU73, BU78, BU87, BU88, BU94
14B-T BU88, BU91, BU96
15B-F BU102, BU102D, BU102H, BU107, BU112, BU112A, BU112D, BU132, BU137, BU142, BU147, BU162, BU162A, BU162D, BU172, BU182, BU202, BU212, BU222, BU297, FB5B
15B-FTE BU400, BU410, BU420, BU430
15B-LPG XZU301A, XZU301H, XZU302, XZU342, XZU412
1RZ-E RZY220, RZH230
1RZ-FE TRY220, TRY230
3RZ-FE RZU100A, RZU140, RZU300, RZU340, BZU300, BZU301
3RZ-FPE RZY231H, RZY281H, LY230, LY280, BZU300, BZU300A, BZU340, BZU410
1BZ-FNE BZU300, BZU300A, BZU340, BZU410
2KD-FTV KDY220, KDY230, KDY290V
2L LY50
3L LY51, LY61, LY101, LY111, LY121, LY131, LY161, LY201, LY211
5L LY122, LY132, LY152, LY162, LY212, LY220, LY230, LY240V, LY270, LY280, LY290V
2Y YY51
3Y RZY230, YY52, YY61, YU60, YU61D, YU70V, YY101, YY121, YY131, YY201, YY211
3Y-P YY211
1W WU750, WU90, WU95, WU750, WU85, WU90, WU93, WU95
JO5C XZU130A, XZU140, ZXU300H, ZXU300A, ZXU330, ZXU340, ZXU400, ZXU400A, ZXU410, ZXU420, ZXU430, FB4J
JO5D-TB XZU413, XZU423, XZU433
SO5C XZU302, XZU302D, XZU302H, XZU307, XZU307V, XZU312D, XZU322, XZU322D, XZU337, XZU342, XZU347, XZU352D, XZU362, XZU362A, XZU362D, XZU372, XZU382, XZU402, XZU412
SO5D XZU301, XZU301D, XZU301H, XZU306, XZU311A, XZU311D, XZU321A, XZU321D, XZU331, XZU341, XZU346, XZU351D, XZU371, XZU401, XZU411, XZU421
SO5D-D XZU301, XZU301A, XZU301H, XZU306, XZU306V, XZU311D, XZU321D, XZU331, XZU331D, XZU335D, XZU336, XZU341, XZU346, XZU351D, XZU401, XZU411, XZU421, ZXU341, ZXU346, ZXU351D, ZXU401, ZXU411, ZXU421
NO4C-A XZU304, XZU308, XZU308V, XZU334, XZU338, XZU348, XZU368, XZU378
NO4C-TB XZU304, XZU304H, XZU334, XZU344, XZU354D, XZU368, XZU368D, XZU378, XZU388, XZU404, XZU404A, XZU424
NO4C-TD XZU300H, XZU304, XZU304A, XZU314D, XZU344, XZU354D, XZU414
NO4C-TE XKU304H, XKU344, XKU414, XKU424
NO4C-TH XZU308, XZU338, XZU348, XZU504, XZU508, XZU508V, XZU538
NO4C-TJ XZU304, XXZU304A, XZu304D, XZU304H, XZU308, XZU314D, XZU324D, XZU334, XZU338, XZU344, XZU348, XZU354D, XZU504, XZU508, XZU508V, XZU524D, XZU538, XZU554D
2D5OFTV KDY220, KDY230, KDY240V, KDY270, KDY280, KDY290V



The Toyota Dyna series is comprised of models of differing dimensions, and the choice between one version and another is highly dependent on the buyer’s existing needs. Typically, the short wheelbase version is at around 4,280 mm, while the longer models reach up to 5,993 mm.

The height and the width, on the other hand, also vary depending on the truck type, with sizes playing at around 2,055 mm to 2,235 mm for the former and 1,695 mm to 2,000 mm for the latter.


The Toyota Dyna Truck was designed for multiple functions and applications. Depending on the series version, the weight of the truck can range from 3000 kg to 3,500 kg. The weight, in turn, affects the truck’s load capacity. While some are designed to load up to 1 tonne, others can carry up to 3 tonnes of cargo.


Just like its weight and dimensions, the Toyota Dyna Truck is also powered by engine types with differing strengths. For instance, the 350 versions in 2002 were run by a 2.5 D-4D diesel engine, while the 2007 model was designed with a 109 PS 3.0-liter D-4D diesel engine.

As years passed by, the series got more upgrades, which led to more torque and power, along with lower emissions. With each series offering unique features to truck drivers and passengers, choosing amongst the Toyota Dyna models is all a matter of individual needs and preferences.

Fuel Consumption

The Toyota Dyna Truck incessantly evolved throughout the years not just externally but internally as well. Aside from its physical layout, the models have also undergone a significant change in terms of engine type, which thereby affected its fuel consumption.

The fuel consumption of Toyota Dyna Truck ranges from 28.2 mpg to 32.5 mpg, while its carbon emission is between 229g/km and 263g/km on an average. With these combined figures, Toyota Dyna trucks are definitely a great buy, especially for those who need a narrow-bodied truck.

Seating Capacity

Generally, the Toyota Dyna Truck was designed to carry tonnes of cargo. Open body type or not, the truck leaves room for 3 people at the front seats. Since the truck was built to squeeze even into narrow driveways, the middle passenger can experience considerable discomfort due to a limited legroom.

On a positive note, the cargo space of the truck can accommodate small to large items and it is ideal for every road type, making it the perfect truck for every business owner.

Main features / characterstics for Toyota Dyna Truck

1 Noise prevention

There are racks on the DYNA/TOYOACE that shuts out noise. This contributes a lot to noise cancellation. This rack is set on the bottom of the truck, so the noise will not leak out to the surrounding.

2 Quick Turns

The DYNA/TOYOACE is a truck, but its minimum radius is 4.3m, so it’s really easy to make U-turns or drive smoothly on roads with lots of curves.

3 Low maintenance

When tuning the DYNA/TOYOACE, tilt the driver seat first. You have a wide view of the machine, so it’s really easy to tune the vehicle. It’s also easy to put it back to the original settings.

History of Toyota Dyna Truck

Launched in September 1954, the Toyota Dyna is a cab-over truck designed for commercial purposes. In contrast to conventional trucks where the engine is placed and mounted in front of the driver, cab-over trucks are built with a vertical front. The forward-control feature of the truck sets it apart from other contenders in the field.

The term “Dyna” was derived from the word dynamic. During the early release of the Toyota Dyna Truck, it was sold together with Toyota Toyoace, which is considered its twin truck.

The first truck under the Dyna series was released as the Toyopet SKB truck. Shortly after its launch, the name of the truck was changed to Toyoace following a truck competition in the year 1956.

Originally, the Toyota Dyna was sold at Japan-based Toyota Diesel stores until it rose in popularity and became available even at Toyota stores. In the Japan market, Toyota Dyna was also known as Hino Dutro and Daihatsu Delta. Its twin truck, the Toyoace, on the other hand, was sold at Toyopet stores until it became available at other stores.

As new series were continuously released, the Toyota Dyna became better equipped with features that optimize its cargo space, fuel-efficiency and overall performance.

Toyota Dyna Review

As a forward-control commercial truck, the Toyota Dyna is jam-packed with features other models can only hope for. Since it was primarily built to load a large amount of cargo, its passenger seats are limited to three, and the legroom is also sacrificed to allow more space at the back portion of the truck.

The long load area is almost equal to the length of the truck, enabling owners to maximize cargo capacity. In addition to that, since the truck is narrower as compared to other commercial vehicles, the Toyota Dyna can fit into tight spaces, making it the perfect vehicle for business owners operating in congested urban areas.

The Toyota Dyna also offers versatility as it is available as a chassis cab. The chassis cab gives buyers the opportunity to choose a framework, which can perfectly suit the nature of their business. Not to mention, Toyota also sells pre-built tipper and dropside models to Toyota Dyna owners, making it easier to make modifications on the truck.

The engine type for all series are run by a 3-liter diesel engine, which emits 144 bhp.

Overall, the Toyota Dyna is the most ideal truck for business owners that need a functional, compact truck designed to operate in tight, narrow spaces.

Comparison to other brands

There are currently 3 TOYOACE models. Cargo loads and scene of use are different for each one, so let’s compare them.

1 Toyoace Cargo (Flatbody)

Scene of use

The cargo space is maximized so that the driver can carry many things at once. From this shape, we can see that it’s often used for transporting things. For companies in the “logistics” business, flat bodies are an essential aspect to their business. A flat body can carry various things. It can carry building materials, furniture, plants, appliances, and more. The flat body vehicle comes in handy when moving something from or to a construction site or to a house where someone is moving. However, most flat bodies do not have roofs, so rain is something you have to consider. If you are going to drive in the rain, you must prepare sheets and protect your cargo.

Cargo load
1.0~1.5t 160mm open frames on all models.
To increase customization options, the top of the frame has been flattened, with enough space for the cargo between the cab-back to the rear axle.
It is set to the standard size of the market, so a wide range of customization is possible.
2.0~4.7t The front half-box/rear open frame type is durable yet light.
These high standard features leave room for more weight when accessories are added.
With the best-in-class thickness, uni-body structure, and the 2 durable/light frames, this model has the high strength open frame that delivers the durability and adaptability like no other.

2 Toyoace Dump (Dump)

Scene of use

he dump car has a movable cargo space, which allows the driver to unload everything at once. It is often used to transport things like sand. It is also used to transport industrial waste. Dump cars are mostly used to transport small solid objects such as sand, industrial waste, fertilizers, wood chips, and other goods.

Cargo load

he dump car has a movable cargo space, which allows the driver to unload everything at once. It is often used to transport things like sand. It is also used to transport industrial waste. Dump cars are mostly used to transport small solid objects such as sand, industrial waste, fertilizers, wood chips, and other goods.

3 Toyoace Root Van (Van)

Scene of use

The van type truck is useful for carrying relatively smaller goods. Some companies handle light packages or offer moving service for one. Some deliver vegetables and flowers in their business. In such cases, a van protects your cargo from rain, so it is a very suitable vehicle. Furthermore, unlike large trucks, van-type trucks can turn quickly and maneuver through small roads, so it’s great for making deliveries. With a van, you don’t have to worry about your cargo while driving, so it’s easy to drive and less stressful, which is a big advantage.

Cargo load
1.2/1.25t Interior outset has been minimized to increase cargo space and loading/unloading efficiency.
The rear double-hinge door makes it easier to load/unload quickly based on cargo type.
The slide door and back door both have a wide opening, so it is very easy to work too.
1.75/2.0t Interior outset has been minimized and door openings have been widened to maximize cargo space and loading/unloading efficiency.
There is a foldable rear seat for 3/6 passengers.
There are 4 doors, 2 on each side, and a sliding door, making it a total of 5 doors.

Ranking by Country and FOB Price

Ranking By Country
Ranking Model Code FOB Price
1 XZU347 $5300-6300
2 BU107 $4500-6500
3 BU66 $4100-5800
4 BU147 $7500-9500
5 XZU307 $6900-8300
Ranking Model Code FOB Price
1 XZU307 $6900-8300
2 BU107 $4500-6500
3 TRY230 $4100-5500$
4 XZU347 $5300-6300
5 BU100 $6000-6700
Ranking Model Code FOB Price
1 BU107 $4500-6500
2 BU100 $6000-6700

Toyota Dyna Truck Summary

The Toyota Dyna Truck is an excellent light commercial vehicle. Available in short, medium and long wheelbase chassis cabs, this model is perfect for entrepreneurs who need a huge cargo capacity.

The length of the vehicle ranges from 4,280 mm to 5,993 mm, and choosing among the model types basically depends on your need for cargo space. Because of its narrow body type, it is a popular option amongst home builders and landscapers who operate in tight, urban spaces.

Toyota Dyna Truck Wreckers

Just like other Toyota Dyna trucks, the Toyota Dyna Wrecker was designed for a specific purpose. More popularly known as a tow truck, a breakdown lorry and a recovery vehicle, a wrecker was built with strong and powerful features capable of transporting or impounding a vehicle.

Aside from impounding improperly parked or disabled vehicles, the Toyota Dyna Truck is also used to recover vehicles that were heavily damaged due to an accident. A motor carrier known for its top-tier features, the Toyota Dyna Truck proves to be a smart choice for every business owner.

Q & A

? What’s the difference between HIACE and DYNA/TOYOACE route van?

The difference between a DUTRO/DYNA route van and a HIACE is the max cargo load.
DUTRO/DYNA route van has a 1.5t~2t max load, while the HIACE maxes out at 1t.
Route van can hold 1 ~ 3 passengers.
HIACE can offer a maximum of 3 rows of seats.

? What’s the difference between the 5-speed AMT for the hybrid model and the diesel AT?

The AMT was developed specifically for the hybrid models.
It uses mechanic clutch to transmit power.
Compared to a liquid clutch (AT), less power is lost.
It also means that you don’t need a clutch pedal, making it easy to drive.

? Does AMT require special maintenance?

The AMT clutch structure is the same as the current MT, so the maintenance procedure remains the same. Clutch must be replaced accordingly.

? How can I improve the mileage on the hybrid model?

There are techniques to make hybrids more eco-friendly.
The longer the eco lamp is lit up, the better in terms of mileage.
Slowly step on the gas pedal when starting to move.
Try to speed up slowly and gently.
When slowing down, try to make use of the regenerative brake.
Let go of the gas pedal early and slow down gently to charge the battery more efficiently.