Hybrid Cars - the Next Generation Fuel Efficient and Enviromental Friendly car
Hybrid cars are now so popular that they can be called popular cars, and we now see them regularly in the city. They are not only excellent in fuel efficiency and environmental friendliness but also realize a driving that fuses together well advantages of the engines and motors.
There are also regulations of exhaust gas overseas, and people are getting more concerned about this matter.
Introduction: What is a hybrid in the first place?
A vehicle runs on gasoline and has an electrically-powered motor is called an electric hybrid vehicle （HEV, hybrid electric vehicle.
While the engine is running (accelerating/decelerating), the electricity is generated, and the battery (secondary battery) can also move the motor. By switching the power depending on the size of travel load, low fuel consumption and exhaust gas emissions can be reduced to a minimum level to realize a low-pollution car.
Advantages of Hybrid Cars
When traveling at low speeds or light loads, it runs on an electric motor and also assists the engine in other situations. Fuel is not used when the motor is running, resulting in low fuel consumption.
2.Reduction of Co2 emission
The vehicle is environmentally friendly as it does not emit Co2 during running by an electric motor.
In the low-speed range, the motor power is used to accelerate the torque instead of the engine with weak output and torque. In the mid- and high-speed range, it is possible to drive with high-powered engine power, so that power can be used without wasting in the entire area, so driving can be performed without stress.
The engine explodes fuel and air to obtain power, so if you want to increase the output, the noise will be loud, but since the motor is powered by electricity, it has a quiet driving sound.
Disadvantages of Hybrid Cars
1.Have a high degree of quietness
It has a high degree of quietness especially when traveling with motor power, so it is difficult for pedestrians to notice and the risk of accidents increases, so careful driving is required.
2.Deterioration of a power supply for driving
A hybrid car has a power supply for driving, and battery life has recently been extended, but depending on the usage conditions, it will be overused which costs a lot to replace.
3.A limited number of maintenance shops
There are many special components that some factories cannot handle. Hybrid system failures tend to be the high cost of repairs.
Popular hybrid cars in Japan
First place: Toyota Prius
It was launched in Japan in December 2015 and use 2ZR-FXE engine as the engine, but by improving it from the previous model and making the entire vehicle smaller and lighter, the fuel consumption has increased to be 37.2km / L.
A 4WD vehicle that has adopted the E-Four for the first time in history has been newly set, which also achieves a low fuel consumption of 34.0km / L. It is a hybrid car that focuses on driving as well as fuel efficiency.
Second place: Nissan NOTE
It started sales on September 3rd, 2012, and the engine is a 1.2L in-line 3-cylinder engine. The biggest feature is that at the time of a minor change in November 2016, the world's first mass-produced compact car to temporarily store the electric power generated by the engine in the battery, and e-POWER equipped car that runs only with the electric motor is added.
Third place: Toyota SIENTA
It was launched in July 2015 and has a new hybrid car. The engine is 1.5L engine "1NZ-FXE"of an in-line 4-cylinder DOHC, the motor is equipped with a new type "2LM" type, and the system maximum output is 73kW (100PS).
At the time of its release, it achieved a fuel economy of 27.2km / L, which is the top level in a minivan. Compact but widely usable vehicle interior as the smallest Toyota minivan.
Fourth place: Toyota COROLLA
A Japanese hybrid car, COROLLA, with a stable car body based on a low center of gravity and the black interior with all the necessary functions.
It is equipped with "pre-crash safety" that has collision avoidance support and can detect a leading vehicle to avoid a collision. A "parking support brake" is installed to reduce collision damages by the brake even by drivers mistake the accelerator pedal for the brake pedal, so anyone can drive with peace of mind. In addition, since the white line on the road is recognized by the single camera, it is possible to drive without protruding from the white line.
Popular model code: 6AA-ZWE211, 6AA-ZWE214
Fifth place: Toyota AQUA
Japanese hybrid car, AQUA, which is regarded similar to Prius, introduced in 1st place. Prius hybrid power unit that was sold at the same time could not be installed in AQUA’s small car body, but AQUA has newly developed a hybrid power unit that can be mounted in that small space.
Adopting the improved 1.5-liter engine for higher efficiency, the system has succeeded in making it lighter than the 30 kg Prius. By adopting a shape called "triangle silhouette", which has less resistance to air than Prius, it has the lowest air resistance next to Prius. It adopted a roof with a low center called "Pacota roof", and the seating position is set quite low for a compact car to compensate for the low height, so the car overhead is wider than Prius.
Popular model code: DAA-NHP10, DAA-NHP10H
Sixth place: Nissan SERENA
The Japanese hybrid car is characterized by its high fuel consumption improvement. SERENA, which is regarded as a representative of family cars in Japan.
Since "360℃ Safety Assist" is equipped with advanced technology detects 360℃ and assists the driver in avoiding a collision while driving. When driving forward or backing up, you can avoid a sudden start and avoid collisions. SERENA hybrid cars are close to micro hybrids in addition to Nissan's original "e-POWER" and have limited motor support. When the vehicle is slowing down, it efficiently generates electricity. By storing electricity in a dedicated lead battery, which is separate from the electric battery, it is possible to use the electricity stored with this regenerative energy when starting from idling stop.
Popular model code: DAA-HFC26, DAA-HC26
Seventh place: Toyota ROOMY
"It can carry a lot of luggage because the seat will be flat if you recline the seat! " A Japanese hybrid car, ROOMY, that is created based on Toyota PASSO.
Despite its high height of 1,735mm, it has a body size that makes it easy to handle even on narrow roads, and by installing sliding doors on both sides, you can smoothly get on and off even in narrow spaces. ROOMY is equipped with two types of engines, a 1.0-liter straight-four naturally aspirated engine and a turbo engine. By adopting a hybrid system, it is very fuel-efficient.
It can carry outdoor goods and suitcases to travel without problems.
Eighth place: Toyota VOXY
This is a Japanese hybrid car, VOXY, which is also popular as a family car like SERENA. It is equipped with a "parking support brake" that detects stationary objects such as glass and walls to avoid collisions and also alleviate collisions caused by drivers mistake the accelerator pedal for the brake pedal. It is a highly safe vehicle because it has a system that contributes to reducing damage. Both sides of the driver's seat and passenger's seat have power slide doors that can be unlocked and opened with a single touch if you carry a smart key, so you can get on and off smoothly from either side.
In addition, by locking the door while the door is closed, you can lock the car without waiting for the sliding door to close. It performs powerful driving in the city and uses an engine and motor similar to Prius, so the maximum combined output of the engine and electric motor is 136 ps, which is the same value as Prius.
Popular model code: DAA-ZWR80G, DAA-ZWR80W
Ninth place: Honda Freed
Japanese hybrid car, FREED, which is popular as a family car like SERENA and VOXY. "Honda SENSING" for safety maintenance is equipped as standard equipment. Radar and camera detect vehicles and pedestrians and automatically control brakes and steering to avoid or reduce accidents and prevent lane protrusion to support comfortable driving.
The engine and motor that create strong power realize sharp and powerful driving beyond the frame of a minivan. You can drive comfortably without feeling dissatisfied with acceleration that is common in minivans.
Popular model code: 6AA-GB7, 6AA-GB8, DAA-GB7, DAA-GB8, DAA-GP3
Tenth place: Toyota SAI
Japanese hybrid car, SAI, features an exterior that gives a strong impression to viewers. The collision avoidance function "pre-crash safety system" can detect the danger of a rear-end collision and reduce the impact of the rear-end collision. The interior reminds of a luxury car, and genuine leather is used for the seats and front and rear door trims. It has an option of three driving modes: sports mode, eco-driving mode, and EV driving mode. Powerful driving can be achieved in sports mode, and it can achieve eco-friendly driving in eco-drive mode. In EV drive mode, you can drive quietly because of the drive of the only motor.
The number of sales of hybrid and new vehicles is increasing year by year, and it is said that the total number of new and used vehicles is about one million annually. As for used cars, 90% of the number of units sold are exported from Japan.
The United States accounts for the majority of the number of used plug-in hybrid vehicle exports, and the export destinations are mainly emerging and developing countries.
Hybrid cars are widely used all over the world, not only in developed countries but also in developing countries.
A hybrid vehicle with low fuel consumption and environmental friendliness. Why not consider purchasing it?